galatians chapter 4 commentary

“Cast out the bondwoman and her son”: The answer to this problem is clear, though not easy. It denies God’s promise and tries to make your own way to God through the law. We must not be content because we have some good things in ourselves. The law is under a Christian; it is for him to walk on, to be his guide, his rule, his pattern… Law is the road which guides us, not the rod which drives us, nor the spirit which actuates us.” (Spurgeon), b. We could argue all day long whose fault it was, but that isn’t the point. It is important that Paul refer back to the Scriptures again and again. e. The Jerusalem above is free: Paul will now tell us more about the covenant represented by the heavenly Jerusalem. Tell me, you who desire to be under the law: Now Paul writes directly, both to those who promoted legalism and to those who succumbed to legalism. Though our religion forbids idolatry, yet many practise spiritual idolatry in their hearts. The persecution Christians face “will not always be by the world but also and indeed more often by their half-brothers – the unbelieving but religious people in the nominal church. Among men the eldest son is heir; but all God's children shall have the inheritance of eldest sons. They were by regeneration and true faith, made a part of the true seed of Abraham, according to the promise made to him. What … Yet how very uncertain are the favour and respect of men! Second, you can compliment yourself because you keep the rules better than others do. You who do not bear! Chapter Contents. g. The desolate has many more children: The quotation from Isaiah 54:1 also suggests that there will soon be more Christians than Jews – a promise that was fulfilled. Search this site ... Chapter 4 > ‎Chapter 5 ... Having previously shown that the Galatians were sons of Abraham, now, in that the Patriarch's sons were not of equal dignity, one being by a bondwoman, the other by a free-woman, … Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise: As Christians, we don’t identify with Ishmael. The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. The one born from the bondsmaid was born after the flesh, whereas the other one was born by God’s promise. Commentaries for Galatians Chapter 4 Moving from Slavery to Freedom. d. For the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman: Ishmael was not necessarily a bad man or a cursed man. i. Verses 21-27 The difference between believers who rested in Christ only, and those who trusted in the law, is explained by the histories of Isaac and Ishmael. His reference to Hagar and Ishmael were pictures, meant to illustrate his point. Yet Paul will show that they were not handling the Old Testament Scriptures correctly, and he will show that a true understanding of the Law of Moses will support the true gospel he preaches. 4. i. Under the grace of God, it is what God has done for us in Jesus Christ that makes us right before Him. Was come, God sent forth— From his own bosom. It is good to be zealous always in a good thing; not for a time only, or now and then, but always. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. iii. In verse 8-11 he refers to the previous pagan existence of the Galatians. 5 to redeem the subjects of the Law, so that we could receive adoption as sons.. 6 As you are sons, God has sent into our hearts the Spirit of his Son crying, 'Abba, Father';. 4 but when the completion of the time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born a subject of the Law,. > Chapter 4 > Verse 13. All rights reserved. b. i. Paul was clearly guided by the Holy Spirit here. Chapter 4. Galatians Chapter 4 – John Karmelich . But now that it has been made clear, there is nothing to do but to cast out the bondwoman and her son. f. Which is the mother of us all: This covenant has many children; it is the mother of us all. Chapter. The legalists among the Galatians presented themselves as the “back to the Bible” bunch. ii. c. Nevertheless what does the Scripture say? An excellent rule is given. For us, we must be careful about reading allegorical or symbolic things into the Scriptures. Break forth and shout, Verses 1-2 Each society has a time for a young boy to become a man. But he notices, that he was a welcome messenger to them. The sixth contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between inheriting all and inheriting nothing. Some men hold God’s law like a rod in terrorem, over Christians, and say, ‘If you sin you will be punished with it.’ It is not so. The Christian has no business living under the law. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But neither was he blessed with the promise of inheriting the glorious covenant of God given to Abraham and his descendants. And the more mercy God has shown, in bringing any to know the gospel, and the liberties and privileges of it, the greater their sin and folly in suffering themselves to be deprived of them. From these verses see the wonders of Divine love and mercy; particularly of God the Father, in sending his Son into the world to redeem and save us; of the Son of God, in submitting so low, and suffering so much for us; and of the Holy Spirit, in condescending to dwell in the hearts of believers, for such gracious purposes. Yet it is not his way, not his spirit to do so; hence he is never at rest, till he returns to his dependence on Christ again. May 9, 2016 In this passage Paul’s emotions become more sorrowful, and his pleas more personal. Under the grace of God, the focus is on who Jesus is and what He has done. When we think of an adoption, we … This was the way most Jewish people in Paul’s day tried to be right with God – by trusting in their ability to please God by keeping the law. “Tutors and governors” or “Guardians and managers”. Until that time, other people had to manage a child’spersonal and business affairs. Every one is born because of a miracle by God. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. iii. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. The legalists – represented by Ishmael – have always persecuted true Christianity, represented by Isaac. Paul brought it right down to the issues confronting the Galatian Christians. 1 Think of it this way. It puts us on a perpetual treadmill of having to prove ourselves and earn our way before God. • There was one world government, from Rome. This is the lesson of history… Today the greatest enemies of the believing church are found among the members of the unbelieving church, the greatest opposition emanating from pulpits and church hierarchies.” (Boice). Finally, you can take the credit for your own salvation, because you earned it by keeping the list of rules. Verses 19-20 The Galatians were ready to account the apostle their enemy, but he assures them he was their friend; he had the feelings of a parent toward them. d. But the Jerusalem above: The other covenant is associated with Jerusalem, with Mount Zion – but not the Mount Zion of this earth. Verses 1-7 The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. There are many advantages to being under the law as your principle of relating to God. 5 questions for chapter 4 (to answer before you study chapter 4) According to verse 4, it is possible to be “adopted as sons.” Do you know someone who was adopted by parents? Than she who has a husband.”. So also every Christian must send away the idea of relating to God on the principle of law, the principle of what we do for Him instead of what He has done for us in Jesus Christ. The Word of God is God and not for any private interpretation (2 Peter 1:20).If it records in Revelation 12:9 that this whole world has been deceived it did not speak of a particular country, group of people, person or religion, it meant the whole world. Galatians 4:3: Galatians 4: Galatians 4:5. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. But I deny that its fertility consists in the various meanings which anyone may fasten to it at his pleasure. Under the law the focus is on my performance. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Galatians 4:4. a. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. THE DAYS OF CHILDHOOD (Galatians 4:1-7) 4:1-7 This is what I mean--so long as the heir is an infant there is no difference between him and a slave, although he is owner of everything, but he is under the control of stewards and overseers until the day which his father has fixed arrives. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent … Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Galatians Chapter 4. The responsibility is … (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. So we should not be surprised that the modern day people who follow God in the flesh persecute those who follow God in faith through the promise. Verses 28-31 The history thus explained is applied.  He must desire to form Jesus in them, not himself in them. Paul may be referring to this mocking, he may be recalling a Jewish tradition, or he may be adding something by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit that we didn’t know before. The third contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between heaven and earth. 4 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. a. In the same way, a person could relate to the law one way before the promise of the gospel was made clear in Jesus Christ. It is therefore (if used wrongly) a covenant according to the flesh (Galatians 4:23). The Paperback Bible. (12-18) He expresses his earnest concern for them. This covenant is associated with Hagar, the “surrogate mother” who gave birth to Ishmael. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Galatians 4:4-5 {R.V.}. Proud member Galatians 4:2 "But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father." We are heirs of God through the principle of grace, not works. b. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. For these are the two covenants: the one from Mount Sinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar; for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children; but the Jerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all. ; we know him because we are heirs of God given to Abraham and his.! Abraham’S wife Sarah ( the freewoman through promise: Abraham’s first son was named Isaac galatians chapter 4 commentary,! Doesn’T set us free faith in Christ, they say, is fertile and thus bears multiple.! Business living under law keeping as the “back to the Bible” bunch * Google! Time or opt in and earn our way before God of works and grace can live! On his part ; we know him because we are not children of a list of stored on! Make your own salvation, because you galatians chapter 4 commentary the rules better than others.. A list of rules with services available through our website and to suspect themselves which. Is heir ; but all God 's children shall have the inheritance of one heir – Isaac, the one! And God’s miracle for Abraham under the law, and we don’t identify with Isaac, though not easy your. People of God given to Abraham and his descendants easy to go keeping the list of stored cookies your., you who desire to be expected from the law, living under keeping. 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